Located 7.5 miles south of Jerusalem The Herodion is a 197 foot high artificial mountain shaped like a cone to hold a 98 foot high fortress/palace 7 stories high 2,500 feet above sea level built 23-20 BC. An administrative center called Lower Herodion is set at its base.
Upper Herodion included:
Lower Herodion was below on a 38 acre plain to the north built around the center piece of a large pool (230 by 150 ft. and 10 ft. deep) used for swimming and boating and filled with water from an aqueduct coming from Solomon’s pools to the west near Bethlehem (Artas). The pool had a 50 ft. diameter circular colonnaded pavilion in the center and was surrounded by:
Herod the Great's tomb was discovered at the base of the Herodion in the spring of 2007. View images.